Lesson 30. तुमन्त अव्यय s.
Here's a riddle: In how many different ways can you express your thoughts? And here's my answer: Two. The complicated style and the simple style.
The complicated style:

 The simple style:

Do you not think that the second sounds better? Well, you can put that  'easy on the ear' sentence in  different ways.

1. When the word‚ अर्थम्  is attached to a noun, the newly formed avyaya conveys the meaning.. for the purpose of. For example... 
Instead of a long drawn out.... I want food. Therefore I go into the kitchen ....‚अहं भोजनम् इच्छामि । अतः अहं पाकगृहं गच्छामि ।
2.  The चतुर्थी विभक्तिः   also conveys the same meaning.
     भोजनाय अहं पाकगृहम्  अगच्छम् ।
     अध्ययनाय अहं पाठशालां गच्छामि ।
     स्नानाय सा सरोवरं गच्छति ।


3. Coming to the topic of study....... the very same meaning is conveyed by the हेत्वर्थक तुमन्त अव्यय s.   अव्यय s that end in  तुम् । हेत्वर्थक = हेतु +अर्थक which mean " for the purpose of."
A small list of तुमन्त अव्यय  s  is given in Supplement 18. As we develop our vocabulary and understanding, we can build a  more detailed list that will encompass words that we frequently use.
 Since they are अव्यय s , they do not 'metamorphosize'  into anything other than what is given in the list.
Use these avyayas with I, you, he , she ....the word remains the same.
So i would say....



Two verbs most frequently used along with these avyayas are

इष् (इच्छति ) want .......I want to drink water, I want to go to the garden etc...
शक् (शक्नोति ) possible. It is not possible for me to drink cold water. It is possible for me to read Sanskrit but not possible for me to speak it fluently.....
Do you see now how these verbs and the tumant avyayas form a team?
You already know how to conjugate the इष् (इच्छति) want. शक् is 5. P.P. Let me give you just the present tense form of शक् to help you form sentences of your own.
                                                       शक्  5.P.P. possible . लट् लकारः  Present tense.
पुरुषः  एकवचनम्  द्विवचनम्   बहुवचनम्
प्रथमः                सः / सा / तत् शक्नोति                         तौ / ते / ते  शक्नुतः   
              ते / ताः / तानि शक्नुवन्ति            
मध्यमः                 त्वं शक्नोषि                  युवां शक्नुथः                यूयं शक्नुथ
उत्तमः                अहं शक्नोमि                 आवां शक्नुवः                वयं शक्नुमः



                                                                                  Onward to Lesson 30 A-- Exercises with  तुमन्त अव्ययs.                                                                   



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