Lesson 19. सम्बोधनम् लोट् लकारः च |


My face is aching with smiling so much. The Cheshire Cat in "Through the Looking Glass, " couldn't have smiled any wider. With today's lesson, we are absolutely, completely and irrevocably through with our vibhaktis!!!! ( Any ideas on how we may celebrate this momentous event? Send in your suggestions to 'Purr-fectly Content Sanskrit Teacher' at the email address listed in 'Contact Us' )
 The सम्बोधन is the form of word you use when you address someone, so we have," हे राम , don't bug me."
"बालिके , if you don't finish what's on your plate, there will be no television for a week."
"अध्यापक , whatever you have just said has gone completely over my head!"
Now it's no fun calling out to someone if you can't command or request him to do something for you. And so my dears, today you shall be introduced to the लोट् लकार (आज्ञार्थ, The imperative mood.)
New Concept:
Let me first put forward the verb table of the लोट् लकार | As usual, गम् will be our standard verb for all references. i will introduce all verb forms with the धातु first and then with the changed form of the verb that must be used in the bracket. For example, गम् (गच्छ् ) | All you have to do is add the correct प्रत्यय to the changed verb form (based on the table given in today's lesson), to match the subject. When you pick words from the गम् (गच्छ् ) लोट् लकार table, you can use them to command or request someone to do something. Your tone of voice will help others decide whether you are being bossy or polite.
                                                                           गम् (गच्छ् ) लोट् लकारः | The imperative mood.
पुरुषः  एकवचनम्  द्विवचनम्   बहुवचनम्
प्रथमः          सः /सा/तत्  गच्छतु          तौ/ ते/ते/गच्छताम्           ते/ताः /तानि  गच्छन्तु
मध्यमः          त्वं  गच्छ           युवां गच्छतम्         यूयं गच्छत
उत्तमः           अहं गच्छानि           आवां गच्छाव         वयं गच्छाम


The लोट् लकार, at first glance, seems easy enough. But as is usual with a new concept, it can get tricky without proper explanations.  Long explanations, and we'll have trouble downloading the lesson onto our hard discs. To prevent this, i'll introduce the लोट् in two phases...Lesson 20, Step 1. AND Lesson 20, Step 2. This week, we will have only buffet exercises and some memorizing.
Memory work is necessary. We have spent years memorizing the multiplication tables and look how simple calculations have become. Similarly, we need to spend some part of our day with the vibhaktis  and with verbs to make things easy for ourselves. i will set you a fixed group of memory work to be done each week.
For those of you who find memorizing intimidating, please keep the supplement section handy for quick reference.
                                    Let us move onto Lesson 20, Step 1. AND Lesson 20, Step 2. Commanding with लोट् लकार

Prev Lesson 18 D -- Banquet Lesson Answers to Lesson 18 C. (Answers to 18 C) Next Lesson 20 ---- Step 1. Commanding with the लोट् लकार | (Commanding )