Lesson 14 A. Exercises with तद् and एतद्

Nouns Verbs Avyayas
       आपणः shop M               पूज् (पूजयति) worship          आम्  Yes
        शाकः vegetables M               क्री (क्रीणाति) buy         तदनन्तरम्  Afterwards

        पाकगृहम् kitchen N.    

        स्यूतः bag M         गै (गायति) sing  
        मुखम् mouth N    



Note 1: You can convert a statement into a question by
•    Beginning the statement with अपि or  किम् |
•    Ending the statement with किम् |
For instance:   त्वं फलम् इच्छसि | You want a fruit.


अपि  त्वं फलम् इच्छसि?  किं त्वं फलम् इच्छसि?   
त्वं फलम् इच्छसि किम् ?      All three mean: Do you want a fruit?



Note 2. Classical Sanskrit did not have punctuation marks such as ? ! ,  ' '' and other such. It simply had a। and a ॥
Placement of words in the sentence, or the choice of words would tell the reader if the sentence was a query, or if it conveyed amazement or horror etc.

English and other languages do have punctuation marks  and so, many writing in Sanskrit in these modern times have adopted these  marks for the benefit of readers.

 क्री (क्रीणाति) buy, is another maverick. Refer to this table to do the exercises.

पुरुषः    एकवचनम्  द्विवचनम् बहुवचनम्
प्रथमः क्रीणाति क्रीणीतः क्रीणन्ति
मध्यमः     क्रीणासि       क्रीणीथः    क्रीणीथ
उत्तमः क्रीणामि क्रीणीवः    क्रीणीमः




CLUE: When i combine a noun and a pronoun together as in "That man, " be sure to pick the noun first from the appropriate vibhakti and then pick the pronoun from the same vibhakti... and then use the two as a combined group. तं नरं, तस्मै नराय, तेन हस्तेन, तया मालया |

A1. Translate.

 1. When Kamala goes to the cinema theatre, then Shweta too goes to the cinema theatre.
 2. Kamala goes with Shweta to the cinema theatre.
 3. The two girls go to the cinema theatre.
 4. Sujata sees the two of them.
 5. The two girls also see her ( i mean Sujata.)
 6. All of them do not go the cinema but they go to school.
 7. Kamala and Shweta are girls.
 8. Sujata is the teacher.
 9. The father sees Ram.
10. Ram is not studying.
11. He is playing with a boy.
12. Father holds a stick with his hand.
13. He goes towards the two boys.
14. Father beats Ram with that stick.
15. You see the students .
16. They are going towards the temple.
17. They enter the temple.
18. They see God.
19. They do namaskara to Him.
20. They are holding flowers.
21. They worship God with those flowers.
22. With flowers, fruits and water, I worship God.
23. I go to the kitchen.
24. There are no vegetables there.
25. I think ," I am going to the shop. Vegetables are there." ...thus.
26. I hold a bag.
27. The shop is there.
28. I go to the shop with Smita.
29. Smita asks," Are you buying vegetables with money?"
30. I say ,"Yes."
31. The two of us go to the shop.
32. I go to the shop with her.
33. We want vegetables.
34. We want fruits and flowers too.
35. But there are no fruits or flowers there.
36. They are elsewhere.
37. We see vegetables there.
38. We buy them with money and come home.
39. We see Raghava.
40. Now Smita , Raghava and I go to the kitchen.
41. I go to the kitchen with them.
42. We wash the vegetables.
43. We wash them with water.
44. With these vegetables, a meal is done. (Thus I fail my English exam!)
45. Then (afterwards) we hold those vegetables with our hands (use the plural) and eat them with our mouths (plural)
46. The gardener is making a garland with flowers.
47. With this garland, he is worshipping God.
48. Here is a book.
49. I am reading this book.
50. There , there are books.
51. I am looking at those books. (Make sentences with both पुस्तकम्  and ग्रन्थः)
52. This is Smita.
53. With her, I go to the garden.
54. These are Prakash and Kedar.
55. With all of them , I go the garden.                                                                                     

A2. First translate and then convert  एतानि वाक्यानि into प्रश्नः using any of the three options taught at the beginning of एषः पाठः |

1. You are eating.
2. He is singing with Radha.
3. He is playing with him.
4. You are coming home with her.
5. Those two boys are reading those two books .
6. She wants water.
7. He is playing with a ball with Shyam.

                                                  Here end Exercises on Lesson 14.  Answers in  the next lesson 14 B



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