Lesson 14 A. Exercises with तद् and एतद्
|आपणः shop M||पूज् (पूजयति) worship||आम् Yes|
|शाकः vegetables M||क्री (क्रीणाति) buy||तदनन्तरम् Afterwards|
पाकगृहम् kitchen N.
|स्यूतः bag M||गै (गायति) sing|
|मुखम् mouth N|
Note 1: You can convert a statement into a question by
• Beginning the statement with अपि or किम् |
• Ending the statement with किम् |
For instance: त्वं फलम् इच्छसि | You want a fruit.
अपि त्वं फलम् इच्छसि? किं त्वं फलम् इच्छसि?
त्वं फलम् इच्छसि किम् ? All three mean: Do you want a fruit?
Note 2. Classical Sanskrit did not have punctuation marks such as ? ! , ' '' and other such. It simply had a। and a ॥
Placement of words in the sentence, or the choice of words would tell the reader if the sentence was a query, or if it conveyed amazement or horror etc.
English and other languages do have punctuation marks and so, many writing in Sanskrit in these modern times have adopted these marks for the benefit of readers.
क्री (क्रीणाति) buy, is another maverick. Refer to this table to do the exercises.
CLUE: When i combine a noun and a pronoun together as in "That man, " be sure to pick the noun first from the appropriate vibhakti and then pick the pronoun from the same vibhakti... and then use the two as a combined group. तं नरं, तस्मै नराय, तेन हस्तेन, तया मालया |
1. When Kamala goes to the cinema theatre, then Shweta too goes to the cinema theatre.
2. Kamala goes with Shweta to the cinema theatre.
3. The two girls go to the cinema theatre.
4. Sujata sees the two of them.
5. The two girls also see her ( i mean Sujata.)
6. All of them do not go the cinema but they go to school.
7. Kamala and Shweta are girls.
8. Sujata is the teacher.
9. The father sees Ram.
10. Ram is not studying.
11. He is playing with a boy.
12. Father holds a stick with his hand.
13. He goes towards the two boys.
14. Father beats Ram with that stick.
15. You see the students .
16. They are going towards the temple.
17. They enter the temple.
18. They see God.
19. They do namaskara to Him.
20. They are holding flowers.
21. They worship God with those flowers.
22. With flowers, fruits and water, I worship God.
23. I go to the kitchen.
24. There are no vegetables there.
25. I think ," I am going to the shop. Vegetables are there." ...thus.
26. I hold a bag.
27. The shop is there.
28. I go to the shop with Smita.
29. Smita asks," Are you buying vegetables with money?"
30. I say ,"Yes."
31. The two of us go to the shop.
32. I go to the shop with her.
33. We want vegetables.
34. We want fruits and flowers too.
35. But there are no fruits or flowers there.
36. They are elsewhere.
37. We see vegetables there.
38. We buy them with money and come home.
39. We see Raghava.
40. Now Smita , Raghava and I go to the kitchen.
41. I go to the kitchen with them.
42. We wash the vegetables.
43. We wash them with water.
44. With these vegetables, a meal is done. (Thus I fail my English exam!)
45. Then (afterwards) we hold those vegetables with our hands (use the plural) and eat them with our mouths (plural)
46. The gardener is making a garland with flowers.
47. With this garland, he is worshipping God.
48. Here is a book.
49. I am reading this book.
50. There , there are books.
51. I am looking at those books. (Make sentences with both पुस्तकम् and ग्रन्थः)
52. This is Smita.
53. With her, I go to the garden.
54. These are Prakash and Kedar.
55. With all of them , I go the garden.
A2. First translate and then convert एतानि वाक्यानि into प्रश्नः using any of the three options taught at the beginning of एषः पाठः |
1. You are eating.
2. He is singing with Radha.
3. He is playing with him.
4. You are coming home with her.
5. Those two boys are reading those two books .
6. She wants water.
7. He is playing with a ball with Shyam.
Here end Exercises on Lesson 14. Answers in the next lesson 14 B
Prev Lesson 14 ----- About Him and Her and not forgetting It. (तद् and एतद् ) Next Lesson 14 B -- Answers to Lesson 14 A. (Answers 14A)