Lesson 56. A.P. Continues with the Shanach- शानच्
A.P. dhaatus need the शानच् प्रत्यय to indicate the continuous tense. You have to add the मान to the A.P. root dhaatu..... which will be declined like राम, माला and वन for the M, F and N respectively. Then the अस् dhaatu in the appropriate tense is added to the sentence if required. Let's take the dhaatu याच् (to beg) as an example.
He is begging. सः याचमानः अस्ति / सः याचते ।
She is begging. सा याचमाना अस्ति / सा याचते ।
It is begging. तत् याचमानम् अस्ति / तत् याचते ।
He was begging. सः याचमानः आसीत् / सः अयाचत ।
She was begging. सा याचमाना आसीत् /सा अयाचत ।
It was begging. तत् याचमानम् आसीत् / तत् अयाचत ।
I see the man who is begging. अहं याचमानं पुरुषं पश्यामि ।
I see the woman who is begging. अहं याचमानां महिलां पश्यामि ।
The kind man gives the boy who is begging, a fruit. दयालु: पुरुषः याचमानाय बालकाय फलं यच्छति।
The man who is begging goes with the woman who is begging, to the river.
याचमानः पुरुषः याचमानया महिलया सह नदीं गच्छति ।
You will probably just have to go through our previous lessons just to revise which dhaatus are the P.P. and which the A.P. ones.
Shall we work on a few translations? Over to Lesson 56 A.
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