Lesson 47 B. Answers to Lesson 47 A.
1. I remember the story.
    अहं कथां स्मृतवान् / अहं कथां स्मृतवती ।
    The story was remembered by me.
    मया कथा स्मृता ।
2. Sheela sang a song.
    शीला गीतं गीतवती ।
    A song was sung by Sheela.
    शीलया  गीतं गीतम् ।
3. Kishore saw the tree.
    किशोरः वृक्षं  दृष्टवान् ।
   The tree was seen by Kishore.
   किशोरेण वृक्षः दृष्टः ।
4. I received the news.
   अहं वार्तां प्राप्तवती / अहं वार्तां प्राप्तवान् ।
   The news was received by me.
   मया वार्ता प्राप्ता ।
5.The students (M) understood the lessons.
   छात्राः पाठान् अवगतवन्तः ।
   The lessons were  understood by the students.
   छात्रैः पाठाः अवगताः । ( the participle follows the "object turned subject" in number, gender and vibhakti.)
6.The boys saw the movie.
   बालकाः चित्रपटं दृष्टवन्तः ।
   The movie was seen by the boys.
   बालकैः  चित्रपटः  दृष्टः ।
7.The women cooked the meal.
   महिलाः भोजनं  पक्तवत्यः ।
   The meal was cooked by the women.
   महिलाभिः भोजनं पक्तम् ।
8.The men washed the dishes.
   पुरुषाः पात्राणि प्रक्षालितवन्तः ।
   The dishes were washed by the men.
   पुरुषैः पात्राणि प्रक्षालितानि ।
9.The people watched television.
   जनाः दूरदर्शनं दृष्टवन्तः ।
   Television was watched by the people.
   जनैः दूरदर्शनं दृष्टम् ।
10.The girls asked the teacher questions.
    बालिकाः अध्यापकं प्रश्नान् पृष्टवत्यः ।
    Questions were asked by the girls to the teacher.
    बालिकाभिः अध्यापकं प्रश्नाः पृष्टाः । ( the "principal" object becomes the subject... the other objects in the sentence do not change.)       


11. The wealthy man gave the beggar a bag.
    धनिकः याचकाय स्यूतं दत्तवान् ।
    The beggar was given a bag by the wealthy man.
    धनिकेन याचकाय स्यूतः दत्तः ।
12. Understood?
    ज्ञातम् ?
13. Read the lesson?
     पाठः पठितः ?
14. Has the newspaper arrived?
     वृत्तपत्रम् आगतम् ?
15. Eaten your meal?
     भोजनं खादितम् ?
16. Seen this movie?
      एषः चित्रपटः  दृष्टः ?
17. Has the bus gone?
      लोकयानं गतम् ?
18. Is the speech over?
      भाषणं समाप्तम् ?
19. Is the puja over?
      पूजा समाप्ता ?
20. Is the lesson over?
      पाठः समाप्तः ?



                                                      Oh! We have reached halfway mark (end of Month 10) with this.

                                                                       We shall Sum up Month 10 in the next Lesson 47 C


Prev Lesson 47 A --- Exercises with the Past Passive Participle. (Exercises with the Past Passive Participle.) Next Lesson 47 C --- Summing Up Month 10. (Summing Up Month 10.)