Lesson 34. The विधिलिङ्

To tell you the truth, the whole truth and nothing but the truth, the विधिलिङ् when i first tried my hand at understanding it, totally foxed me.
i was able to figure out this much....
1. The विधिलिङ्  ( the potential mood) is something like the लोट् लकार (the imperative mood.) It is NOT bound by the past, present or the future tense. It can be used, as it is, to express ideas in any time frame.
2. The विधिलिङ्, words, help one to express a thought... as in,
    "Buttermilk should be drunk after a meal."
    "भोजनान्तरं तक्रं पिबेत् |"
    "You should rest for some time in the afternoons."
    "मध्या ह्ने किञ्चित्-समये शयनं कुर्यात् |"  
    All children should pay their respects to their teachers.
    बालकाः तेषाम् अध्यापकान् वन्दनं कुर्युः |
    All politicians should be honest.
    नीतिज्ञाः न्यायाचाराः भवेयुः |



Even though a thought has been expressed, even though one feels that something ought to be done, yet one can't be sure that those wishes will be fulfilled....in that sense, these wishes aren't commands. One cannot use the लोट् लकार then. One HAS to use the विधिलिङ्|

3. It converts you into Sherlock Holmes and helps you deduce things like...
   "It should rain tomorrow!"
    श्वः वर्षेत् |
    We should win the cricket match.
    वयं गुलिकाक्रीडां जयेम |
4. It helps express obvious 'matter of fact stuff'...
   How can fishes live without water?
   मत्स्याः जलेन विना कथं जीवेयुः?
   How would I live without you?
   त्वया विना अहं कथं जीवेयम् ?
   How will you pass the examination if you do not study?
   यदि भवान् न पठति, तर्हि परीक्षायां कथम् उत्तीर्णः भवेत् ?
5. The अस् धातु conveys the meaning "maybe" when used along with the other tenses...for example....
    He maybe waiting at the bus-stop for me.
    सः मम कृते बसयानस्थानके प्रतीक्षां करोति स्यात् |
    I am not well but I maybe coming to school tomorrow.
    मम स्वास्थ्यं सम्यक् नास्ति परन्तु अहं श्वः विद्यालयम् आगच्छामि स्याम् | 



and so my efforts to fox the unfoxable continued. I began to list the expressions that would require me to use the विधिलिङ्. And then a miracle happened. As my list grew, so did my understanding. I began to see how obvious it was to not confuse the लोट् लकार with the विधिलिङ्. And i also came across some lovely subhashitas where the विधिलिङ्  was used aplenty. I'll try and present a few of those subhashitas over the next few weeks to help you understand the विधिलिङ्'s usage. And there is no time like the present. Go over our Subhashita section before you try your hand at the exercises.

Also, pl see Supplement 22 wherein   विधिलिङ् forms of  PP Dhatus गम् (गच्छ ) चुर् तुद्  नृत्  are given for your reference. 

 and pl see  Supplement 23for  विधिलिङ्  forms of AP Dhaatus सेव्  जन्  मुच् (मुञ्च ) चुर् (चोर् ) and 

 Also pl see Supplement 24 for  कृ   Dhaatu both AP and PP forms  

and pls see  Supplement 25 for  अस् dhaatu   PP form.                                     

                                              यदि भवान् / भवती  अध्ययनं न करोति तर्हि  भाषायां निपुणः / निपुणी कथं भवेत् ?

                                               let's therefore move on to the exercises in Lesson 34 A


Prev Lesson 33 B --- Appetizer Lesson Answers to Lesson 33 A. (Answers to Lesson 33 A.) Next Lesson 34 A --- Exercises with the विधिलिङ् (Exercises with the विधिलिङ्)