Lesson 18. The सप्तमी विभक्तिः
Almost through with our vibhaktis! This is one of the simplest one to understand. The सप्तमी विभक्तिः tells you the location of an object... whether the cat is sitting on or in the refrigerator.
A few sentences now to give you a fair idea on how the सप्तमी विभक्तिः is used:
गृहे जनाः वसन्ति | People live in the house.
तस्मिन् पुस्तके पृष्ठानि सन्ति | There are pages in that book.
एतस्मिन् वृक्षे खगाः उपविशन्ति | Birds are sitting on this tree.
समुद्रे मत्स्याः तरन्ति | Fish (is the plural of fish, fish or fishes? Send in your answers to 'Bewildered Sanskrit Teacher too lazy to check her Wren and Martin.' ) swim in the sea.
समुद्रेषु मत्स्याः तरन्ति | Fish/fishes (?) swim in the seas.
अहं अयोध्यायां न वसामि | I do not live in Ayodhya.
वानरयोः पत्राणि पतन्ति | Leaves fall on the two monkeys.
The सप्तमी विभक्तिः governs the most wonderful emotion known to man...love.
स्निह् (स्निह्यति ). Whoever you love, falls into the सप्तमी विभक्तिः |
सीता रामे स्निह्यति |अहं बालिकायाम् स्निह्यामि |
You were introduced to तुद् (तुदति) to trouble, in one of our earlier lessons. तुदति is to physically hurt someone as in push, strike, goad, bruise, sting etc. In today's lesson, i've introduced the word पीड् (पीडयति ) which is more global in its torturing and encompasses both the physical and the mental. Do pick the correct form whenever you use the word "trouble" in your sentences.
i had fun concocting the Banquet Lesson. Trust you will enjoy it too! Lesson 18 A for exercises follows
Prev Lesson 17 E -- Summing up Month 3 (Summing up Month 3)
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